literature review example purdue owl


A literature review is a critical summary of existing scholarship on a particular topic. It is an essential part of academic research as it provides a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge and research gaps in the field. The following is an example of a literature review based on the format provided by Purdue Owl:

Title: The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Social media has become an integral part of our daily lives, with millions of people worldwide using platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to connect with others and share information. While social media has many benefits, such as facilitating communication and networking, there is growing concern about its impact on mental health. This literature review aims to examine the existing research on the relationship between social media use and mental health outcomes.

Several studies have investigated the potential negative effects of excessive social media use on mental health. For example, a study by Smith et al. (2018) found that high levels of social media use were associated with increased feelings of loneliness and depression among young adults. Similarly, a meta-analysis by Jones et al. (2017) found a significant correlation between social media use and symptoms of anxiety and depression.

On the other hand, some research suggests that social media can have positive effects on mental health. For instance, a study by Lee et al. (2019) found that social media use was associated with increased social support and reduced feelings of isolation among older adults. Additionally, a meta-analysis by Brown et al. (2016) found that social media use was linked to improved self-esteem and positive mood in certain populations.

Despite the conflicting findings, it is clear that social media can have both positive and negative impacts on mental health. Future research should focus on identifying the mechanisms through which social media influences mental health outcomes and developing interventions to promote positive mental health among social media users.

In conclusion, the literature on the impact of social media on mental health is complex and multifaceted. While some studies suggest that social media use is associated with negative mental health outcomes, others find positive effects. More research is needed to better understand the relationship between social media use and mental health and to develop strategies to mitigate potential harms.

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literature review example purdue owl

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